The triangle is a metallic percussion instrument comprising of a tuned metal bar typically made from steel however other metals are sometimes also used. The bar is bent into the shape of a triangle, however the two open ends of the triangle do not touch, leaving the instrument incomplete on one of the angles. This allows the triangle to resonate freely. A chord is looped around the bar at the top angle or corner, which the player then holds in one hand while striking the instrument with a matched metallic beater with the other. There are various techniques used when playing the triangle and many complex rhythms can be achieved. One technique involves using the fingers to mute the triangle to produce shorter, staccato notes.
The triangle has been used in western classical music since the mid 18th century. The triangle features in compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven however these composers tended to use the instrument sparingly. The triangle is also frequently used in western folk, pop and rock music as well as many world music styles.
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